NEW BOOK Cambridge Scholars:  Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa, A. 2018. Kin Recognition in Protists and Other Microbes: Genetics, Evolution, Behavior and Health (428 pp). Cambridge Scholars Publishing, United Kingdom. — ISBN-13: 978-1-5275-0764-7 — ISBN-10: 1-5275-0764-5.

Book Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa, A. 2016. Measuring the Evolution Controversy: A Numerical Analysis of Acceptance of Evolution at America’s Colleges and Universities. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle, United Kingdom. ISBN (10): 1-4438-9042-1, ISBN (13): 978-1-4438-9042-7. To download PDF of the first 30 pages of book, click here. And for PDF of color illustrations go to Image Resources of Didactic Relevance.

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & A. Espinosa. 2016. Evolution Upcoming Challenges of Predictable Landscape, Chapter Nine. In Measuring the Evolution Controversy: A Numerical Analysis of Acceptance of Evolution at America's Colleges and Universities. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Peer-reviewed publications in International Journals:


Featured Images JEUK-MIC May-June 2016. Espinosa, A., Paz-y-Miño-C, G., Hackey, M. & Rutherford, S. 2016. Entamoeba Clone-recognition Experiments: Morphometrics, Aggregative Behavior, and Cell-signaling Characterization. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. Vol. 63 (3): 367-377 DOI: 10.1111/jeu.12313

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa, A. 2016. Kin Discrimination in Protists: From Many Cells to Single Cells and Backwards. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. Vol. 63 (3): 384-393 DOI: 10.1111/jeu.12306

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa, A. 2015. Evolution Controversy: A Phenomenon Prompted by the Incompatibility between Science and Religious Beliefs. International Journal of Science in Society, Vol. 7 (2): 1-23. Published online: May 14, 2015

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa, A. 2014. Acceptance of Evolution by America’s Educators of Prospective Teachers: the disturbing reality of evolution illiteracy at colleges and universities. New England Science Public: Series Evolution Vol. 2, No. 1. PowerPoint Presentation: Image Resources for Media, Science Journalists, Researchers and Educators.

Espinosa, A. & Paz-y-Miño-C, G. 2014. Evidence of taxa-, clone-, and kin-discrimination in protists: ecological and evolutionary implications. Evolutionary Ecology Vol 28 (6): 1019-1029

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa, A. 2013. Galapagos III world evolution summit: why evolution matters. Evolution: Education and Outreach, 6:28. [PDF]. Open Access.

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa, A. 2013. Attitudes toward Evolution at New England Colleges and Universities, United States. New England Science Public: Series Evolution 1(1): 1-32.

Espinosa A., Socha A.M., Ryke E., & Rowley D.C. 2012. Antiamoebic properties of the Actinomycete metabolites Echinomycin and Tirandamycin. Parasitology Research 111:2473–2477 DOI: 10.1007/s00436-012-3019-2

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa A. 2012. Educators of Prospective Teachers Hesitate to Embrace Evolution Due to Deficient Understanding of Science/Evolution and High Religiosity. Evolution: Education and Outreach 5:139162 DOI: 10.1007/s12052-011-0383-9

COVER JEUMIK March-April 2012: Espinosa A. & Paz-y-Miño-C, G. 2012. Discrimination, Crypticity, and Incipient Taxa in Entamoeba. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 59:105–110 DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2011.00606.x

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa A. 2012. Introduction: Why People Do Not Accept Evolution: Using Protistan Diversity to Promote Evolution Literacy. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 59:101-104 DOI: DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2011.00604.x

Paz-y-Miño-C, G., Espinosa A. & Bai CY. 2011. The Jackprot Simulation Couples Mutation Rate with Natural Selection to Illustrate How Protein Evolution Is Not Random.pdf Evolution: Education and Outreach 4:502–514 DOI 10.1007/s12052-011-0329-2

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa A. 2011. New England Faculty and College Students Differ in Their Views About Evolution, Creationism, Intelligent Design, and Religiosity. Evolution: Education and Outreach 4:323–342 DOI 10.1007/s12052-010-0298-x

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa A. 2011. On the Theory of Evolution Versus the Concept of Evolution: Three Observations. Evolution: Education and Outreach 4:308–312 DOI 10.1007/s12052-010-0299-9

Espinosa A., 2010. Introduction: Protistan Biology, Horizontal Gene Transfer, and Common Descent Uncover Faulty Logic in Intelligent Design. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 57:1–2 DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2009.00459.x

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa A., 2010. Integrating Horizontal Gene Transfer and Common Design to Depict Evolution and Contrast it with “Common Design. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 57:11–18 DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2009.00458.x

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa A. 2009 Acceptance of Evolution Increases with Student Academic Level: A Comparison Between a Secular and a Religious College Education and Outreach 2:655-675 DOI 10.1007/s12052-009-0175-7

Espinosa A. Perdrizet, G. Paz-y-Miño-C, G. Lanfranchi, R. & Phay Monichan 2009. Effects of iron depletion on Entamoeba histolytica alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (EhADH2 and trophozoite growth: implications for antiamoebic therapy. J Antimicrob Chemother. 63: 675-678 DOI:10.1093/jac/dkp015

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa A. 2009. Assessment of Biology Majors’ Versus Non-majors’ Views on Evolution, Creationism and Intelligent Design. Evolution, Education & Outreach 2:75–83  DOI 10.1007/s12052-008-0096-x

Espinosa A. & Alfano JR. 2004. Disabling surveillance: bacterial type III secretion system effectors that suppress innate immunity. Cell. Microbiol. 6: 1027-1040 DOI:10.1111/j.1462-5822.2004.00452.x

Espinosa A., Clark D. & Stanley SL. Jr. 2004. Entamoeba histolytica alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (EhADH2) as a target for anti-amoebic agents. J. Antimicrob Chemother. 54: 56-59 DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkh280

Alfano JR., Chancey, ST. Espinosa A., Fu, ZQ., Guo M., Hanks M., Jamir, Y., Janes MD. & Petnicki- Ocwieja T. 2004. Pseudomonas syringae type III secretion: chaperons, translocators, and effectors that suppress programmed cell death. pp. 138-141. In Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 4, I. Tikhonovich, B. Lugtenberg and N. Provorov, eds., ISMPMI, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Alfano, JR., Buell CR., Chancey ST. Collmer A., Espinosa A., Guo M, Hanks M., Jamir Y., Janes MD., Schneider DJ., Shan L, Petnicki-Ocwieja T., Schechter LM., Tam VC., & Tang X. 2003. Genomic mining for substrates of the Type III Secretion System of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000: New insights into mechanisms of pathogenesis. 2003. In Pseudomonas syringae and Related Pathogens. Iacobellis N.S., et al. Eds. Kluwer Academic Pub. 363-372

Espinosa A., Guo M., Tam V., Fu Z., & Alfano JR. 2003. The Pseudomonas syringae type III-secreted protein HopPtoD2 possesses protein tyrosine phosphatase activity and suppresses programmed cell death in plants. Mol. Microbiol. 49 (2): 377-387 DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2003.03588.x

Espinosa A., Yang L., Zhang Z., Foster L., Clark D., Li E., & Stanley SL. Jr. 2001. The Bifunctional Entamoeba histolytica Alcohol Dehydrogenase 2 (EhADH2) Protein Is Necessary for Amebic Growth and Survival and Requires an Intact C-terminal Domain for Both Alcohol Dehydrogenase and Acetaldehyde Dehydrogenase Activity. J Biol. Chem. 276: 20136-20143 DOI 10.1074/jbc.M101349200

Espinosa, A. Wang L., Li E. & Stanley SL. Jr. 1997. Expression of the Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ADH) domain of Entamoeba histolytica EhADH2 enzyme. Archives of Medical Research 28: 78-80

Other publications

Book Chapters

Espinosa, A. & Paz-y-Miño-C, G. 2014. Examining Crypticity in Entamoeba: a Behavioral and Biochemical Tale. Pp. 181-190.  In G. Trueba (Ed.) Why Does Evolution Matter? The Importance of Understanding Evolution. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle, United Kingdom. ISBN (10): 1-4438-6518-4, ISBN (13): 978-1-4438-6518-0

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. and Espinosa, A. 2014. The Incompatibility Hypothesis: Evolution vs. Supernatural Causation. Pp. 3-16.  In G. Trueba (Ed.) Why Does Evolution Matter? The Importance of Understanding Evolution. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle, United Kingdom. ISBN (10): 1-4438-6518-4, ISBN (13): 978-1-4438-6518-0.

G. Paz-y-Miño-C & Espinosa, A. 2013. The Everlasting Conflict Evolution-and-Science versus Religiosity. in Religion and Ethics. Eds. G. Simpson & S. Payne. NOVA Publishers, pp. 73-98.

Book Reviews

Espinosa A. 2007. (book review) Microbiology: a human perspective 5th edition by Nester et al. Focus on Microbiology Education, American Society for Microbiology,  13(4): 9-10

Editorials (research-based, scientific-journalism style)

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa, A. 2012. Atheists’ Knowledge About Science and Evolution. Secular World 8(1): 33-36. Secular World Magazine ISSN 1530-308X

Peer-reviewed publications in US-indexed SPORTS journals

Paz-y-Miño-C, G. & Espinosa A. 2006. Optical Illusions in Aikido. J. Asian Martial Arts 15(3): 20-37  

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2004. Music principles applied to Aikido techniques, Part II. J. Asian Martial Arts, 13(3): 64-81

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2004. The rhythm of Aikido, Part I. J. Asian Martial Arts 13(2): 44-63

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2002. Aikido: the art of the dynamic equiangular spiral. J. Asian Martial Arts 11(4): 8-29

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2002. Dichotomous keys to fundamental attacks and defenses in aikido. J. Asian Martial Arts 11(1): 8-27

For a quantitative and behavioral analysis applied to martial arts see: Paz-y-Miño-C G. 2000. Predicting Kumite strategies: a quantitative approach to Karate. J. Asian Martial Arts, 9(4): 22-35

Other publications in SPORTS periodicals

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2007 (CD review). Aikido 3D: experience a new point of view, by Creator/Producer Shai Golan. Journal of Asian Martial Arts 16(3): 79-80

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2007 (book review). Advanced Aikido, by Phong Thong Dand & L. Seiser. Journal of Asian Martial Arts 16(3): 79

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2006 (book review). Progressive Aikido, by Moriteru Ueshiba. Journal of Asian Martial Arts 15(2): 92

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2005 (book review). The Art of Aikido: Principles and Essential Techniques, by Kisshomaru Ueshiba. Journal of Asian Martial Arts 14(3): 92-93

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2004 (book review). The Aikido Master Course: Best Aikido 2, by Ueshiba Moriteru. Journal of Asian Martial Arts 13(4): 87

Paz-y-Miño-C G. & Espinosa A. 2003. Ten things you can do to improve your understanding of Ki-Aikido. St. Louis Ki-Society Newsletter 1(2): 7-8

Publications in Spanish about science

Espinosa A. & Soria C. 1992. Estudios sobre la contaminacion en ambientes domésticos de cincuenta hogares en la ciudad de Quito.(The risk of bacterial infection in domestic environments in Quito, Ecuador). Revista de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador. 55: 59-73

Espinosa A. & Soria C. 1991. Censo Bacteriano de especies patógenas en el ambiente doméstico de la ciudad de Quito (Bacterial Survey in domestic environments from Quito-Ecuador). Casa de la Cultura Ecuatoriana. 23: 61-68