The Learning Commons Model:
 Determining Best Practices for Design, Implementation, and Service

Home  |   Proposal   |   Site Visits   |   Readings

The Learning Commons Model

Determining Best Practices for Design, Implementation, and Service
Sabbatical Project 2007


Aschmann, Althea, and Gail Julian. 2004. When the rug comes out from under: Managing change, technology, information, and staff. Serials Librarian 46, (3): 245-251.

Bailey, Donald Russell. 2006. Assessing success to enhance space and improve service. In The information commons handbook., ed. Donald Robert Beagle, 193 - 212. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc.

Bailey, Russell. Definitions: Information commons to learning commons. 2007 [cited June 29 2007]. Available from

. 2005. Information commons services for learners and researchers: Evolution in patron needs, digital resources and scholarly publishing. Paper presented at Inforum 2005: 11th Conference on Professional Information Resources, Prague.

Bailey, Russell, and Barbara Tierney. 2002. Information commons redux: Concept, evolution, and transcending the tragedy of the commons. Journal of Academic Librarianship 28, (5) (09): 277.

Beagle, Donald. 2002. Extending the information commons: From instructional testbed to Internet2. Journal of Academic Librarianship 28, (5) (09): 287.

. 1999. Conceptualizing an information commons. Journal of Academic Librarianship 25, (2) (03): 82.

Beagle, Donald Robert, and Donald Russell Bailey, eds. 2006. The information commons handbook. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers.

Beatty, Susan and White, Peggy. Information commons: Models for eLiteracy and the integration of learning. Journal of eLiteracy 2, (2005): 2 -14.

Bennett, Scott. 2003. Libaries designed for learning. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources.

Bennett, Scott. 2007. Designing for uncertainty: Three approaches. Journal of Academic Librarianship 33, (2) (03): 165-179.

. 2007. First questions for designing higher education learning spaces. Journal of Academic Librarianship 33, (1) (01): 14-26.

. 2006. The choice for learning. Journal of Academic Librarianship 32, (1) (01): 3-13.

Brown, Malcolm. 2005. Learning spaces. In Educating the net generation., eds. Diana G. Oblinger, James L. Oblinger. Boulder, CO: Educause (accessed May 14, 2007).

Brown, Malcolm and Long, Philip. 2006. Trends in learning space design. In Learning spaces., ed. Diana G. Oblinger, 9.1 - 9.11Educause (accessed June 29, 2007).

Brown, John Seely. 2006. New learning environments for the 21st century: EXPLORING THE EDGE. Change 38, (5): 18-24.

Brown, John Seely, and Paul Duguid. Universities in the digital age. (cover story). Change 28, (4) (1996/07//Jul/Aug96): 11.

Brunvand, Amy. 2001. The information commons: Librarians vs. libertarians. American Libraries 32, (4) (04): 42.

Campbell, James. 2005. Reactions to the enclosure of the information commons: 2000-2004. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science & Technology 32, (1): 11-15.

Church, Jennifer. 2005. The evolving information commons. Library Hi Tech 23, (1): 75-81.

Cohen, Patricia. 2004. Spaces for social study. New York Times 153, (52928) (08/01): 19-19.

Cook, Eleanor I. 2005. Drinking form the firehose -- the more things change, the more they stay the same. Against the Grain 17, (5) (11): 75-76.

Cowgill, Allison, Joan Beam, and Lindsey Wess. 2001. Implementing an information commons in a university library. Journal of Academic Librarianship 27, (6) (11): 432.

Crockett, Charlotte, Sarah McDaniel, and Melanie Remy. Integrating services in the information commons: Toward a holistic library and computing environment. Library Administration & Management 16, (4) (2002///Fall): 181-186.

Dallis, Diane, and Carolyn Walters. 2006. Reference services in the commons environment. Reference Services Review 34, (2): 248-260.

Elmborg, James K. 2002. Teaching at the desk: Toward a reference pedagogy. Portal: Libraries & the Academy 2, (3) (07): 455.

Ferguson, Anthony W. 2005. Back talk -- information commons: The wal-martization of libraries and learning. Against the Grain 17, (5) (11): 94-93.

Ferguson, Chris, Gene Spencer, and Terry Metz. 2004. Greater than the sum of its parts. Educause Review 39, (3): 38-46.

Forrest, Charles, Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe, Lori Arp, and Beth S. Woodard. Beyond classroom construction and design. Reference & User Services Quarterly 44, (4) (2005///Summer): 296-300.

Freeman, Geoffrey T. et. al. 2005. Library as place: Rethinking roles, rethinking space. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources.

Gardner, Susan, and Susanna Eng. 2005. What students want: Generation Y and the changing function of the academic library. Portal: Libraries & the Academy 5, (3) (07): 405-420.

Halbert, Martin. 1999. Lessons from the information commons frontier. Journal of Academic Librarianship 25, (2) (03): 90.

Hamilton College. HILLGroup. 2007 [cited March 24 2007]. Available from

Hamilton College Information Technology Services. Multimedia presentation center. 2007 [cited March 24 2007]. Available from

Hardesty, Larry L., ed. 2000. Books, bytes, and bridges : Libraries and computer centers in academic institutions. Chicago: American Library Association.

Hein, Karen K. 2006. Information uncommon: Public computing in the life of reference. Reference Services Review 34, (1): 33-42.

Henning, Joanne. Information commons study leave: October 2, 2004 - march 31, 2005. in University of British Columbia [database online]. 2005 [cited January 20 2007]. Available from

Lippincott, Joan K. Assessing learning spaces: Presentation for the information commons interest group, american library association midwinter meeting, january 2007. 2007 [cited June 29 2007]. Available from

. 2006. Linking the information commons to learning. In Learning spaces., ed. Diana G. Oblinger, 7.1 - 7.18Educause, Available electronically at

Lippincott, Joan K. 2007. Assessing infomation commons. Ebsco Information Services Vantage Point Series.

. 2004. New library facilities: Opportunities for collaboration. Resource Sharing & Information Networks 17, (1): 147-157.

Lomas, Cyprien and Oblinger, Diana G,. 2006. Student practices and their impact on leanring spaces. In Learning spaces., ed. Diana G. Oblinger, 5.1 - 5.11Educause.

MacWhinnie, Laurie A. 2003. The information commons: The academic library of the future. Portal: Libraries & the Academy 3, (2) (04): 241.

Malenfant, Chuck. 2006. The information commons as a collaborative workspace. Reference Services Review 34, (2): 279-286.

McKinstry, Jill. 2004. Collaborating to create the right space for the right time. Resource Sharing & Information Networks 17, (1): 137-146.

McKinstry, Jill, and Peter McCracken. 2002. Combining computing and reference desks in an undergraduate library: A brilliant innovation or a serious mistake? Portal: Libraries & the Academy 2, (3) (07): 391.

Mozenter, Frada, Bridgette T. Sanders, and Carol Bellemy. 2003. PERSPECTIVES ON cross-training public service staff in the electronic age: I have to learn to do what?! Journal of Academic Librarianship 29, (6) (11): 399-404.

Nardi, Bonnie, and Vicki O'Day. 1999. Information ecologies: Using technology with heart. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Oblinger, Diana G., ed. 2006. Learning spacesEducause.

Regenstein, Carrie, ed. 2003. Leadership, higher education, and the information age : A new era for information technology and libraries. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers.

Renaud, Robert E. Shaping a new profession: The role of librarians when the library and computer center merge. Library Administration & Management 20, (2) (2006///Spring): 65-74.

. Space and purpose: Repositioning the liberal arts college library. Transfomations: Liberal Arts in the Digital Age 2, (2) (February 2005) (accessed May 7, 2007).

Spencer, Gene, and Jeannie Zappa. 2006. A comprehensive approach to professional development for an IT StaffE. In Cultivating careers: Professional development for campus IT., ed. Cynthia Golden, 2.1 - 2.12Educause.

Spencer, Mary Ellen. 2006. Evolving a new model: The information commons. Reference Services Review 34, (2): 242-247.

Tramdack, Philip J. 1999. Reaction to beagle. Journal of Academic Librarianship 25, (2) (03): 92.

Van Note Chism, Nancy. 2006. Challenging traditional assumptions and rethinking learning spaces. In Learning spaces., ed. Diana G. Oblinger, 2.1 - 2.12Educause (accessed June 29, 2007).

Wamken, Paula. 2004. New technologies and constant change: Managing the process. Journal of Academic Librarianship 30, (4) (07): 322-327.

Wesleyan University. Wesleyan university information commons feedback. 2007 [cited June 28 2007]. Available from

Whitchurch, Michael J., C. Jeffrey Belliston, and William Baer. 2006. Information commons at brigham young university: Past, present, and future. Reference Services Review 34, (2): 261-278.



Personal Website of:
Susan McMullen
 Professor/Reference and Information Resources Librarian
Roger Williams University Library
One Old Ferry Road
Bristol, RI 02809